Part-Time Employees: What You Need to Know
Part-time employment is regular paid employment with significantly shorter working hours. With part-time employment, the duration of the working time is significantly lower than the established standard.
The number of people who for reasons beyond their control are unable to work full-time reaches enormous values and is constantly growing. These are students, young mothers, and retirees.
On the one hand, many people are unhappy with the increase in part-time employment because it causes increased competition in the labor market. The rest, on the other hand, support part-time work because it provides an opportunity to combine work with study or family responsibilities, as well as ensure the gradual retirement of workers while avoiding changes in work and lifestyle.
Part-time employment is characterized by part-time or part-time work. Part-time work can be established according to an agreement between the employer and the employee, both initially upon hiring and in the future.
And for some people, such a work schedule should be established at their request in accordance with existing legislation.
Who has the right to part-time work employment?
- pregnant women;
- women who have children under the age of 14 or a disabled child in their care;
- persons who take care of a sick family member;
- disabled people;
- other persons who for health reasons are unable to work full time.
The duration of daily work should be at least four hours. Working on such conditions does not lead to any restrictions on the rights of employees, in particular, does not limit the rights of employees to annual leave of duration, as in the case of full-time employment.
Payment for the pond in such conditions is carried out depending on the output or in proportion to the time worked. Today newspapers are full of advertisements for part-time jobs. There are many part-time jobs in the US.
Most often they offer jobs as a courier, fast food worker, promoter, sales manager or real estate agent. On a part-time basis, you can engage in tutoring, writing term papers and essays. And we can say with confidence that such work is in demand, especially among young people and students who want to gain financial independence and at the same time continue their normal education.
How many hours can a part-time employee work?
According to The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Economic News Release, part-time employees typically work 1 to 34 hours per week.
What rights do part-time employees have?
Part-time workers have the same labor rights as full-time employees.
Pros and cons of part-time employment
Advantages of being a part-time employee include:
- the ability to clearly plan daily tasks to solve work issues;
- the ability to combine work at this enterprise with other work on a free schedule;
- the opportunity to devote more time to family and children.
At the same time, it is necessary to note the “disadvantages” of hiring for part-time employment. When organizing part-time work, the size of the employee’s wages is lower than for a full day. The vacation schedule is established depending on the schedule of the main category of employees, although social guarantees (payment of sick leaves, forced absenteeism and regular vacations) for the employee must be retained. Needless to say, in the event of downsizing, part-time professionals will be considered for layoffs. Therefore, hiring full-time and part-time employees is regulated taking into account the specifics of production technology or sales.
Which work schedule is more convenient for the employer and for the employee? This issue is decided individually in each case. Therefore, when you file an application with a recruiting agency, it is necessary to indicate the desired length of the working day so that candidates can make the correct, balanced decision in a timely manner and, taking this into account, rationally plan their time.